This study models high and low frequency variation in global equity correlations using a comprehensive sample of 43 countries that includes developed and emerging markets, during the period 1995-2008. These two types of variations are modeled following the semi-parametric Factor-Spline-GARCH approach of Rangel and Engle (2008). This framework is extended and modified to incorporate the effect of multiple factors and to address the issue of non-synchronicity in international markets. Our empirical analysis suggests that the slow-moving dynamics of global correlations can be described by the Factor-Spline-GARCH specifications using either weekly or daily data. The analysis shows that the low frequency component of global correlations increased in the current financial turmoil; however, this increase was not equally distributed across countries. The countries that experienced the largest increase in correlations were mainly emerging markets.
dynamic conditional correlations high and low frequency variation global markets non-synchronicity