Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/83475
Authors: 
Evers, Lisa
Miller, Helen
Spengel, Christoph
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
ZEW Discussion Papers 13-070
Abstract: 
11 European countries now operate IP Box regimes that provide substantially reduced rates of corporate tax for income derived from important forms of intellectual property. We incorporate these policies into forward-looking measures of the cost of capital, effective marginal tax rates and effective average tax rates. We show that the treatment of expenses relating to IP income is particularly important in determining the effective tax burden. A key finding is that regimes that allow expenses to be deducted at the ordinary corporate income tax rate, as opposed to the IP Box tax rate, may result in negative tax rates and can thereby provide a subsidy to unprofitable projects. We assess the specific design features of different regimes against the possible policy aim of improving the incentives to undertake R&D investment in a country. While some countries have tried to tie the policy to real activities, others have designed a policy targeted at the income streams associated with intellectual property. A key concern is the role that IP Boxes may play in increased, and possibly harmful, tax competition between European countries.
Subjects: 
corporate taxation
effective tax rate
innovation
tax incentive patent box
innovation box
license box
tax competition
JEL: 
H25
H32
H87
K34
O38
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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