Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/82765
Authors: 
Edin, Per-Anders
Fredriksson, Peter
Åslund, Olof
Year of Publication: 
2000
Series/Report no.: 
Working Paper, Department of Economics, Uppsala University 2000:21
Abstract: 
Recent immigrants tend to locate in ethnic enclaves within metropolitan areas. The economic consequence of living in such enclaves is still an unresolved issue. We use an immigrant policy initiative in Sweden, when government authorities distributed refugee immigrants across locales in a way that may be considered exogenous. This policy initiative provides a unique natural experiment, which allows us to estimate the causal effect on labor market outcomes of living in enclaves. We find substantive evidence of sorting across locations. When sorting is taken into account, living in enclaves improves labor market outcomes; for instance, the earnings gain associated with a standard deviation increase in ethnic concentration is in the order of four to five percent.
Subjects: 
Immigration
Enclaves
Labor market outcomes
JEL: 
J15
J18
R23
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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