Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/81488
Authors: 
Song, Yan
Zenou, Yves
Year of Publication: 
2008
Series/Report no.: 
IFN Working Paper 754
Abstract: 
This article attempts a formal analysis of the connection between the differentiated property tax rates within urban areas and urban spatial pattern in U.S. cities. We first develop a duocentric-city model where the Central Business District (CBD) is located at the origin while the Suburban Business District (SBD) is at the other end of the city. We show that the ratio between the property tax in the suburbs and in the center has an ambiguous impact on the size of the city. We then test this model empirically to determine this sign by using a dataset of effective property tax rates we developed using GIS techniques for central cities and suburbs in 445 urbanized areas. The empirical analysis estimates the link between these two variables by controlling for variables such as population, income, agricultural rent, commuting cost, climate, crime, and employment structure. Results from the empirical analyses suggest that a lower property tax rate in the suburbs in comparison to the central city is associated with more expansive urban growth and greater level of decentralization of population and employment.
Subjects: 
Central City
Suburbs
Urban Sprawl
Urban Decentralization
Differentiated Property Tax
JEL: 
H30
H71
R14
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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