Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/81411
Authors: 
Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
Johansson, Dan
Stenkula, Mikael
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
IFN Working Paper 845
Abstract: 
Research on entrepreneurship has received an increased amount of interest in recent years, with self-employment being used as the most common proxy for “entrepreneurship” in empirical studies. However, there are various ways of defining self-employment, making it a somewhat dubious proxy. This may flaw the analysis, especially in cross-country studies, since the documentation of data often is insufficient and difficult to access due to language barriers. We present an analysis of Swedish self-employment data. We show that the measurement of self-employment has changed over time to noticeably affect the reported number of self-employed in the two major statistical sources on self-employment. The reported development of self-employment sometimes differs diametrically depending on source. Sweden is occasionally erroneously reported to show the largest increase in self-employment in cross-country studies. Our study mimics the results of other country-specific analyses and we conclude that well-grounded conclusions require that the advantages and disadvantages of different statistical sources are recognized.
Subjects: 
Labor Force Survey
RAMS
Self-employed
Self-employment
Entrepreneurship
JEL: 
C81
C82
L26
M13
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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