Danzer, Alexander M. Dietz, Barbara Gatskova, Ksenia Schmillen, Achim
Year of Publication:
IZA Discussion Papers No. 7370
This paper analyses incomes and socioeconomic status of internal migrants over time and in comparison to their new neighbors and investigates whether status consumption is a way for newly arrived city dwellers to signal their social standing. Using a novel dataset from the emerging economy of Kazakhstan we find that internal migrants earn an income and status premium for their move. In a comparison to indigenous city dwellers their earnings and household incomes are not significantly different; however, mobile households report a significantly higher subjective socio-economic status. Exploiting expenditure data, we find that recent migrant households gain status from using visible consumption to impress their new neighbors. This signaling might be used as adaptation to the new economic and social environment or to gain access to social capital.
absolute and relative welfare income status consumption signaling model conspicuous consumption adaptation internal migration emerging economy rural-urban migration