Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/80710
Authors: 
Dumas, Christelle
Lefranc, Arnaud
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Paper 7503
Abstract: 
We analyze the tradeoff between child quantity and quality in developing countries by estimating the effect of family size on child education in urban Philippines. To isolate exogenous changes in family size, we exploit a policy shock: in the late 1990s, the mayor of Manila enacted a municipal ban on modern contraceptives. Since other comparable cities in the Manila metropolitan area were not affected by the ban, this allows us to implement a difference-in-difference estimation of the effect of family size. We also exploit the fact that older mothers were less likely to become pregnant during the ban. Our results indicate that the contraceptive ban led to a significant increase in family size. They also provide evidence of a quality-quantity tradeoff: increased family size led to a sizable decrease in school performance.
Subjects: 
fertility
family size
human capital investment
quantity-quality tradeoff
Philippines
JEL: 
J13
J18
J24
O10
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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