Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/80588
Authors: 
Nieuwenhuis, Jaap
Hooimeijer, Pieter
van Ham, Maarten
Meeus, Wim
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Paper 7510
Abstract: 
In the neighbourhood effects literature, the socialisation mechanism is usually investigated by looking at the association between neighbourhood characteristics and educational attainment. The step in between, that adolescents actually internalise educational norms held by residents, is often assumed. We attempt to fill this gap by looking at how educational commitments are influenced by neighbourhood characteristics. We investigate this process for migrant youth, a group that lags behind in educational attainment compared to native youth, and might therefore be particularly vulnerable to neighbourhood effects. To test our hypothesis we used longitudinal panel data with five waves (N=4179), combined with fixed-effects models which control for a large portion of potential selection bias. These models have an advantage over native OLS models in that they predict the effect of change in neighbourhood characteristics on change in educational commitment, and therefore offer a more dynamic approach to modelling neighbourhood effects. Our results show that living in neighbourhoods with higher proportions of immigrants increases the educational commitments of migrant youth compared to living in neighbourhoods with lower proportions. Besides, we find that adolescents with a resilient personality experience less influence of the neighbourhood context on educational commitments than do adolescents with other personalities.
Subjects: 
neighbourhood effects
educational commitment
adolescents
personality
migrant youth
fixed effects
JEL: 
I24
J15
R23
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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