Kind, Hans Jarle Midelfart, Helene Schjelderup, Guttorm
Year of Publication:
CESifo Working Paper 252
This paper uses a new economic geography model to analyze tax competition betweeen two countries trying to attract internationally mobile capital. Each government may levy a source tax on capit al and a lump sum tax on fixed labor. If industry is concentrated in one of the countries, the analysis finds that the host country will gain from setting its source tax on capital above that of the other country. In particular, the host may increase its welfare per capita by setting a positive source tax on capital and capture the positive externality that arise in the agglomeration. If industry is not concentrated, however, both countries will subsidize capital.