Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/75022
Authors: 
Colen, Liesbeth
Swinnen, Johan F. M.
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
LICOS Discussion Paper 270
Abstract: 
In this paper we analyze the evolution of beer consumption between countries and over time. Historically, there have been major changes in beer consumption in the world. In recent times, per capita consumption has decreased in traditional ' beer drinking nations' while it increased strongly in emerging economies. Recently, China has overtaken the US as the largest beer economy. A quantitative empirical analysis shows the relationship between income and beer consumption has an inverse U-shape. Beer consumption initially increases with rising incomes, but at higher levels of income beer consumption falls. Increased openness to trade and globalization has contributed to a convergence in alcohol consumption patterns across countries. In countries that were originally 'beer drinking nations', the share of beer in total alcohol consumption reduced while this is not the case in countries which traditionally drank mostly wine or spirits. Climatic conditions, religion, and relative prices also influence beer consumption.
Subjects: 
beer
consumption patterns
history
taste convergence
JEL: 
N30
D12
Q11
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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