In this paper we address the question of firm-nonfirm linkages at the household level for a case-study in Senegal. We examine whether increasing off-firm employment opportunities for rural households ?resulting from increased horticulture exports and associated agro-industrialization ?has benefitted the smallholder firm sector through investment linkages. We use data from a household survey in the main horticulture export region in Senegal. We find that access to unskilled employment in the export agro-industry has contributed to alleviation firmers?liquidity constraints, resulting in increased smallholder agricultural production.
farm-nonfarm linkages agri-food exports smallholder farming rural development