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Erscheinungsjahr: 
2010
Schriftenreihe/Nr.: 
LICOS Discussion Paper No. 255
Verlag: 
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, LICOS Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, Leuven
Zusammenfassung: 
This paper deals with the quantification of GMO regulations on bilateral trade flows. A composite index of the complexity of such regulations for sixty countries as well as an objective score for six GMO regulatory sub-dimensions has been developed. Using a gravity model, we show how bilateral similarity?in GMO regulations, affect trade flows for the composite index and its components. Results show that bilateral distance in GMO regulations negatively affect trade flows, especially as an effect of labeling policies, approval process and traceability systems. Interesting, the trade reduction effect induced by GMO standards increase by a factor of four when GMO regulations is treated as endogenous to trade flows. This pattern is consistent with an international environment where large importing countries dictate the rules of the game to developing countries.
Schlagwörter: 
GMO standards
Harmonization
Trade Flow
Gravity Model
Endogeneity
JEL: 
F13
F14
Q13
Q18
Q17
Dokumentart: 
Working Paper

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