Gwozdz, Wencke Sousa-Poza, Alfonso Reisch, Lucia A. Ahrens, Wolfgang De Henauw, Stefaan Eiben, Gabriele Fernandez-Alvira, Juan M. Hadjigeorgiou, Charalampos Kovacs, Eva Lauria, Fabio Veidebaum, Toomas Williams, Garrath Bammann, Karin
Year of Publication:
FZID Discussion Paper 73-2013
The substantial increase in female employment rates in Europe over the past two decades has often been linked in political and public rhetoric to negative effects on child development, including obesity. We analyse this association between maternal employment and childhood obesity using rich objective reports of various anthropometric and other measures of fatness from the IDEFICS study of children aged 2-9 in 16 regions of eight European countries. Based on such data as accelerometer measures and information from nutritional diaries, we also investigate the effects of maternal employment on obesity's main drivers: calorie intake and physical activity. Our analysis provides little evidence for any association between maternal employment and childhood obesity, diet or physical activity.