Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/73789
Authors: 
Bauernschuster, Stefan
Hener, Timo
Rainer, Helmut
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
Ifo Working Paper 158
Abstract: 
Germany has the lowest birth rate among all OECD countries. To encourage fertility,the federal government has recently introduced a set of reforms that led to a substantialexpansion of public child care for under three year old children. Using administrativecounty-level data, we exploit within-county variation in this expansion and find evidencethat the provision of public child care causes an increase in birth rates. Extendedempirical specifications suggest that our results are neither confounded by selectivemigration nor driven by tempo effects. Our analysis therefore provides some firstevidence that low fertility may be reversed through changes in public policy that allowwomen to combine employment and motherhood.
Subjects: 
Public child care
fertility
JEL: 
J13
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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