Documento de Trabajo, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas 08/09
The aim of this paper seeks to introduce the basis of the energy economics models defined as a market equilibrium problems-mixed complementarily problem (MCP). This technique allows the integration of bottom-up programming models of the energy system into top-down general computable equilibrium models (CGE) of the overall economy. A complementarily scheme involves both primal and dual relationships, often doubling the number of equations and the scope of error. When the underlying optimization includes upper and lower bounds (many decision variables), the explicit treatment of associated income effects may become very complex. A convenient MCP formulation of both, top-down & bottom-up energy system models for energy policy analysis requires the uses of complementary methods to solve the economic equilibrium.