Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/70202
Authors: 
Nunnenkamp, Peter
Öhler, Hannes
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
Discussion Papers, Center for European Governance and Economic Development Research 111
Abstract: 
We assess empirically whether foreign official development assistance (ODA) has been effective in alleviating HIV/AIDS epidemics, which figures prominently among the Millennium Development Goals. We employ a difference-in-difference-in-differences approach to identify the treatment effect of ODA specifically meant to fight sexually transmitted diseases on HIV/AIDS-related outcome variables. We do not find that ODA has prevented new infections to an extent that would have reduced the number of people living with HIV. By contrast, ODA has contributed effectively to the medical care of infected people. However, conclusive evidence on significant treatment effects on AIDS-related deaths only exists for the major bilateral source of ODA, the United States. In particular, targeted US assistance programs appear to be more effective than the activities of multilateral organizations.
Subjects: 
HIV prevalence
AIDS-related deaths
official development assistance
aid effectiveness
major donors
difference-in-difference-in-differences
JEL: 
F35
I19
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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