Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/68103
Authors: 
Pacheco-López, Penélope
Thirlwall, A. P.
Year of Publication: 
2005
Series/Report no.: 
Department of Economics Discussion Paper, University of Kent 05,05
Abstract: 
The broad purpose of trade liberalisation is to raise the rate of growth of countries on a sustainable basis, consistent with the achievement of other macroeconomic objectives. In this paper we consider whether trade liberalisation in seventeen countries of Latin America has improved the trade-off between GDP growth and the trade balance, allowing the countries to grow faster without sacrificing foreign exchange. We find that in the aftermath of liberalisation, the majority of countries did grow faster, but at the expense of a deteriorating trade balance. Testing formally for the impact of trade liberalisation in a full model of trade balance determination, we find that only in Chile and Venezuela has the trade-off unequivocally improved. In other countries there has been a significant deterioration or no change. Nine out of the seventeen countries have grown faster post-liberalisation than pre-liberalisation but, except for Chile and Venezuela, at the expense of a wider trade or current account deficit.
Subjects: 
Latin America
Trade Liberalisation
Growth
Balance of Payments
JEL: 
C21
C22
F13
F32
F43
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
290.27 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.