Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/63528
Authors: 
Bigsten, Arne
Shimeles, Abebe
Year of Publication: 
2004
Series/Report no.: 
Research Paper, UNU-WIDER, United Nations University (UNU) 2004/39
Abstract: 
This paper addresses issues related to the dynamics of income poverty using unique household panel data for urban and rural areas of Ethiopia covering the period 1994-97. The percentage of households that remained in poverty was twice as large in urban areas as in rural areas. This suggests that income variability is a serious problem in rural areas, while the persistence is a key feature of urban poverty. The paper also discusses household characteristics that are correlated with the incidence of chronic poverty as well as vulnerability to poverty. A strategy that promotes consumption smoothing through say access to credit can work well in rural areas, while income or employment generation are required for poverty alleviation in urban areas.
Subjects: 
poverty dynamics
vulnerability
households
duration
JEL: 
I32
R20
D80
ISBN: 
929190628X
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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