Discussion Papers, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes 2001,27
The annual structure of the real GDP in the UK, France, Germany and Italy is examined in this article by means of fractionally integrated techniques. Using a version of a testing procedure due to Robinson (1994), we show that the series can be specified in terms of I(d) statistical models with d higher than 1. Thus, the series are nonstationary and non-mean-reverting. The forecasting properties of the selected models for each country are also examined at the end of the article.
Long memory Fractional integration Nonstationarity