Arouri, Mohamed El Hedi Caporale, Guglielmo Maria Rault, Christophe Sova, Robert Sova, Anamaria
CESifo Working Paper No. 3916
According to the pollution haven hypotheses differences in environmental regulation affect trade flows and plant location. Specifically, environmental stringency should decrease exports and increase imports of dirty goods. This paper estimates a gravity model to establish whether the implementation of more stringent regulations in Romania has indeed affected its competitiveness and decreased exports towards its European trading partners. Our findings do not provide empirical support to the pollution haven hypothesis, i.e. environmental stringency is not found to affect significantly total trade, or its components (pollution intensive trade and pollution intensive trade related to non-resource-based trade).
environmental stringency competitiveness gravity model