Bitte verwenden Sie diesen Link, um diese Publikation zu zitieren, oder auf sie als Internetquelle zu verweisen: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/56559
Autoren: 
Hayo, Bernd
Voigt, Stefan
Datum: 
2010
Reihe/Nr.: 
Joint discussion paper series in economics 06-2010
Zusammenfassung: 
A country's form of government has important economic and political consequences, but the determinants that lead societies to choose either parliamentary or presidential systems are largely unexplored. This paper studies this choice by analyzing the factors that make countries switch from parliamentary to presidential systems (or vice versa). The analysis proceeds in two steps. First, we identify the survival probability of the existing form of government (drawing on a proportional hazard model). In our model, which is based on 169 countries, we find that geographical factors and former colonial status are important determinants of survival probability. Also, presidential systems are, ceteris paribus, more likely to survive than parliamentary ones. Second, given that a change has taken place, we identify the underlying reasons based on panel data logit models. Wefind that domestic political factors are more important than economic ones. The most important factors relate to intermediate internal armed conflict, sectarian political participation, degree of democratization, and party competition, as well as the extent to which knowledge resources are distributed among the members of society.
Schlagwörter: 
constitutional change
institutional dynamics
form of government
endogenous constitutions
separation of powers
JEL: 
H11
K10
P48
Dokumentart: 
Working Paper
Nennungen in sozialen Medien:

35



Datei(en):
Datei
Größe
204.63 kB





Publikationen in EconStor sind urheberrechtlich geschützt.