Calvet, Laurent Gonzalez-Eiras, Martín Sodini, Paolo
Year of Publication:
SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 464
This paper proposes that the introduction of non-redundant assets can endogenously modify trader participation in financial markets, which can lead to a lower market premium and a higher interest rate. We demonstrate this mechanism in a tractable exchange economy with endogenous participation. Investors receive heterogeneous random incomes determined by a finite number of macroeconomic factors. They can freely borrow and lend, but must pay a fixed entry cost to invest in risky assets. Security prices and the participation structure are jointly determined in equilibrium. The model reconciles a number of features that have characterized financial markets in the past three decades: substantial financial innovation; a sharp increase in investor participation; improved risk management practices; an increase in interest rates; and a reduction in the risk premium.