SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 728
This paper studies the evolution of peoples' models of how other people think - their theories of mind. First, this is formalized within the level-k model, which postulates a hierarchy of types, such that type k plays a k times iterated best response to the uniform distribution. It is found that, under plausible conditions, lower types co-exist with higher types. The results are extended to a model of learning, in which type k plays a k times iterated best response the average of past play. The model is also extended to allow for partial observability of the opponent's type.
Theory of Mind Depth of Reasoning Evolution Learning Level-k Fictitious Play Cognitive Hierarchy