Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/54922
Authors: 
Groenert, Valeska
Zissimos, Benjamin
Year of Publication: 
2011
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo working paper: Public Finance 3686
Abstract: 
We show that, in competition between a developed country and a developing country over environmental standards and taxes, the developing country may have a second-mover advantage. In our model, firms do not unanimously prefer lower environmental-standard levels. We introduce this feature to an otherwise familiar model of fiscal competition. Four distinct outcomes can be characterized by varying the marginal cost to firms of an environmental externality: (1) the outcome may be efficient; (2) the developing country may be a pollution haven - a place to escape excessively high environmental standards in the developed country; (3) the developing country may undercut the developed country and attract all firms; (4) the developed country may be a pollution haven.
Subjects: 
environmental standards
fiscal competition
second-mover advantage
tax competition
JEL: 
H10
H25
H73
H87
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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