Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/53333
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dc.contributor.authorGrether, Jean-Marieen_US
dc.contributor.authorMathys, Nicole A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorde Melo, Jaimeen_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-11-22en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-15T11:33:21Z-
dc.date.available2011-12-15T11:33:21Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/53333-
dc.description.abstractThis paper tackles the pollution haven argument by estimating the pollution content of imports (PCI). The PCI is then decomposed into three components: (i) a deep component (i.e. traditional variables unrelated to the environmental debate); (ii) a factor endowment component and (iii) a pollution haven component reflecting the impact of differences in environmental policies. The estimation is carried out for 1987 for an extensive data set covering 10 pollutants, 48 countries and 79 ISIC 4-digit sectors. Decompositions based on cross-section econometric estimates suggest a significant pollution haven effect which increases the PCI of the North because of stricter environmental regulations in the North. At the same time, the factor endowment effect lowers the PCI of the North, as the North is relatively well-endowed in capital and pollution-intensive activities are capital intensive. On a global scale, because the bulk of trade is intra-regional with a high North-North share, these effects are small relative to the deep determinants of the worldwide PCI. In sum, differences in factor endowments and environmental policies have only marginally affected the PCI of world trade at the end of the eighties.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisher|aFondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) |cMilanoen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries|aNota di lavoro // Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei: Climate Change and Sustainable Development |x75.2011en_US
dc.subject.jelF18en_US
dc.subject.jelQ56en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordTrade and The Environmenten_US
dc.subject.keywordPollution Haven Effecten_US
dc.subject.keywordFactor Endowment Effecten_US
dc.titleUnravelling the worldwide pollution haven effecten_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn672651076en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US

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