Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/52090
Authors: 
Niehues, Judith
Peichl, Andreas
Year of Publication: 
2011
Series/Report no.: 
Discussion paper series // Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 5834
Abstract: 
Previous estimates of unfair inequality of opportunity (IOp) are only lower bounds because of the unobservability of the full set of endowed circumstances beyond the sphere of individual responsibility. In this paper, we suggest a new estimator based on a fixed effects panel model which additionally allows identifying an upper bound. We illustrate our approach by comparing Germany and the US based on harmonized micro data. We find significant and robust differences between lower and upper bound estimates - both for gross and net earnings based either on periodical or permanent income - for both countries. We discuss the cross-country differences and similarities in IOp in the light of differences in social mobility and persistence.
Subjects: 
equality of opportunity
fairness
redistribution
wage inequality
JEL: 
D31
D63
H24
J62
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
278.21 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.