Governmental policies of subsidizing the economy have become one of the most contentious issues on the international agenda throughout the past years. For a long time, the debate about the rights and wrongs of subsidization has often been conducted in the Federal Republic of Germany as though it were a peculiar non-German phenomenon rather applied by less market-oriented economies. Gradually, however, it is being realized how far this is from the truth, and that like many other countries the Federal Republic, too, established an intensive array of subsidy programmes. At the Kiel Institute quite a lot of efforts have been undertaken to investigate the volume, the structure, and the effect of German subsidization policy. Since most of those studies were published in German language and since many inquiries from an English reading public turned out to come in, this summarising paper was started to meet the international demand. Meanwhile, calculations were improved and figures were updated, thus slight differences as against previous publications do occur.