CESifo working paper: Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomics and Growth 3231
We argue that membership in International Organizations (IOs) is an important determinant of FDI inflows. To the extent that membership restricts a country from pursuing policies that are harmful to investors, it can signal low political risk. Using data over the 1971-2005 period, we find that membership in IOs does indeed increase inflows of FDI. Controlling for the endogeneity of membership, we find this effect to be substantively important and robust to the method of estimation.
membership in international organizations FDI investment climate political risk signaling separating equilibrium