Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/46011
Authors: 
Chen, Yi
Lei, Xiaoyan
Zhou, Li-an
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
Discussion paper series // Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 5182
Abstract: 
Though the positive income gradient of child health is well documented in developed countries, evidence from developing countries is rare. Few studies attempt to identify a causal link between family income and child health. Utilizing unique longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey, we have found a positive, age-enhancing income gradient of child health, measured by height-for-age z scores. The gradient is robust to alternative specifications and a comprehensive set of controls. Using the fact that the rural tax reform implemented since 2000 created an exogenous variation in family income across regions and over time, we explore a causal explanation for the income gradient, and find that it has a very strong independent causal effect on child health.
Subjects: 
child health
income gradient
rural tax reform
JEL: 
I10
I12
O15
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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