Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/45891
Authors: 
Bickenbach, Frank
Bode, Eckhardt
Krieger-Boden, Christiane
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
Kiel Working Paper 1669
Abstract: 
This paper establishes eight stylized facts on the evolution of the localization of economic activity across industries and regions in the EU-15 since 1980. Localization, which nests concentration and specialization, is measured by a Theil index. The stylized facts reveal a broad aggregate trend towards structural convergence in the EU-15. The by far most important drivers of this convergence have been the sectoral structural change from highly concentrated agriculture and manufacturing industries towards dispersed services, and a continuing dispersion of services. The manufacturing sector, by contrast, worked against this structural convergence as it has become spatially more concentrated. The stylized facts also reveal that virtually all countries and most of their regions participated in this structural convergence. The speed of aggregate structural cohesion slowed down considerably in the early 1990s, however.
Subjects: 
Theil index
localization
specialization
concentration
European Union
cohesion
JEL: 
C43
F15
R12
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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