Discussion paper series // Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 5084
Parents invest in their children's human capital in several ways. We investigate the extent to which the levels and composition of parent-child time varies across countries with different welfare regimes: Finland, Germany and the United States. We test the hypothesis of parentchild time as a form of human capital investment in children using a propensity score treatment effects approach that accounts for the possible endogenous nature of time use and human capital investment. Result: There is considerable evidence of welfare regime effects on parent-child shared time. Our results provide mixed support for the hypothesis that noncare related parent-child time is human capital enriching. The strongest support is found in the case of leisure time and eating time.
parent-child time comparative research welfare regimes Finland Germany USA treatment effects propensity score matching