Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/39965
Authors: 
Branisa, Boris
Klasen, Stephan
Ziegler, Maria
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Hannover 2010 50
Abstract: 
Institutions are a major factor explaining development outcomes. This study focuses on social institutions related to gender inequality understood as long-lasting norms, values and codes of conduct that shape gender roles, and presents evidence on why they matter for development. We derive hypotheses from existing theories and empirically test them at the cross-country level with linear regressions using the newly created Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) and its subindices as measures for social institutions. We find that apart from geography, political system, religion, and the level of economic development, one has to consider social institutions related to gender inequality to better account for differences in development. Our results show that social institutions that deprive women of their autonomy and bargaining power in the household, or that increase the private costs and reduce the private returns to investments into girls, are associated with lower female education, higher fertility rates and higher child mortality. Moreover, social institutions related to gender inequality are negatively associated with governance measured as rule of law and voice and accountability.
Subjects: 
Social institutions
SIGI
Gender inequality
Fertility
Child mortality
Female education
Governance
JEL: 
D63
I10
I20
H1
J16
Document Type: 
Conference Paper

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