Discussion paper series // Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 4918
Recent literature on tax evasion emphasizes the importance of moral considerations to explain compliance behavior. As a consequence scholars aim to identify factors that shape this so-called tax morale. However, the causal link between tax morale and actual compliance behavior is not established yet. Exploiting exogenous variation in tax morale - given by the inherited part of tax morale of American-born from their ancestors' country of origin - our instrumental variable analysis provides first evidence on a causal effect of tax morale on the size of the underground production.
Tax morale tax evasion tax compliance underground production