Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/3669
Authors: 
Schweickert, Rainer
Thiele, Rainer
Wiebelt, Manfred
Year of Publication: 
2005
Series/Report no.: 
Kiel Working Paper 1255
Abstract: 
In this paper, a real-financial CGE model is employed for Bolivia to simulate the macroeconomic and distributional effects of exchange rate policy in a highly dollarized economy. Overall, dollarization appears to matter more through real than through financial-sector effects. The main macroeconomic result of the simulations is that the potential of nominal devaluation to smooth the adjustment path after a negative shock primarily depends on the absence of wage indexation. Only if nominal wages are constant in the short run, devaluation reduces unemployment and cushions the reduction of real GDP induced by the shock. Financial de-dollarization tends to be contractionary in Bolivia but different degrees of financial dollarization hardly change the real sector effects. As concerns distributional effects, nominal devaluation in no circumstance reduces the poverty effect of the external shock. Even the significant short-run macroeconomic expansion that occurs without wage indexation does not translate into significant poverty alleviation, which is due to the fact that the real value of transfers received by households decreases in this case.
Subjects: 
Poverty
Computable General Equilibrium Model
Bolivia
Dollarization
JEL: 
C68
O16
D3
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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