Fernández-Villaverde, Jesús Greenwood, Jeremy Guner, Nezih
Year of Publication:
IZA Discussion Papers 4708
Societies socialize children about many things, including sex. Socialization is costly. It uses scarce resources, such as time and effort. Parents weigh the marginal gains from socialization against its costs. Those at the lower end of the socioeconomic scale indoctrinate their daughters less than others about the perils of premarital sex, because the latter will lose less from an out-of-wedlock birth. Modern contraceptives have profoundly affected the calculus for instilling sexual mores, leading to a de-stigmatization of sex. As contraception has become more effective there is less need for parents, churches and states to inculcate sexual mores. Technology affects culture.
Children church and state contraception culture parents premarital sex out-of-wedlock births socialization stigmatization technological progress