Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/35873
Authors: 
Bertoli, Simone
Fernández-Huertas Moraga, Jesús
Ortega, Francesc
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 4737
Abstract: 
Ecuador experienced an unprecedented wave of international migration since the late 1990s, triggered by a severe economic and financial crisis. This paper gathers individual-level data from Ecuador and the two main destinations of Ecuadorian migrants: the US and Spain. First, we provide a careful description of the main characteristics of migration flows, both in terms of their scale and skill composition. Second, we estimate Mincer regressions for Ecuadorians in the three countries, and attempt to reconcile the features of migration flows with our predictions for earnings by destination. We find that earnings differences can account for the higher share of college graduates among migrants to the US, but fail to explain the larger scale of the flows to Spain. We argue that the puzzle is explained by taking into account that (i) the options to migrate legally to either destination were slim, and (ii) the cost of illegally migrating to Spain was lower than to the US.
Subjects: 
Migration
selection
sorting
immigration policies
JEL: 
O15
J61
D31
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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