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Li, Qi
Walsh, Patrick Paul
Whelan, Ciara
Year of Publication: 
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 3211
We document the nature of structural changes in employment to understand jobless growth in Irish Manufacturing in the aftermath of EEC/EU membership, 1972-2003. By 1972, forty years of protectionism and fifteen years of export promotion induced the coexistence of large exporting plants with import competing plants within 4-digit industries. During trade liberalisation we document persistent horizontal waves of creative destruction, a decline in traditional import competing plants and an expansion in exporting plants, within each sector. This coexisted with rapid vertical waves of creative destruction in small non-exporting plants which supported exporting growth through forward vertical linkages within each sector.
Manufacturing employment
structural change
trade liberalisation
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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