Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/34103
Authors: 
Edmonds, Eric V.
Pavcnik, Nina
Topalova, Petia
Year of Publication: 
2007
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 2611
Abstract: 
Do the short and medium term adjustment costs associated with trade liberalization influence schooling and child labor decisions? We examine this question in the context of India's 1991 tariff reforms. Overall, in the 1990s, rural India experienced a dramatic increase in schooling and decline in child labor. However, communities that relied heavily on employment in protected industries before liberalization do not experience as large an increase in schooling or decline in child labor. The data suggest that this failure to follow the national trend of increasing schooling and diminishing work is associated with a failure to follow the national trend in poverty reduction. Schooling costs appear to play a large role in this relationship between poverty, schooling, and child labor. Extrapolating from our results, our estimates imply that roughly half of India's rise in schooling and a third of the fall in child labor during the 1990s can be explained by falling poverty and therefore improved capacity to afford schooling.
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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