Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/33642
Authors: 
Campos, Nauro F.
Horváth, Roman
Year of Publication: 
2006
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 2093
Abstract: 
We construct objective measures of privatization, internal and external liberalization reform efforts, across countries over time, and investigate their determinants, reversals and macroeconomic impacts. We find that GDP growth determines external liberalization and privatization, concentration of political power drives internal liberalization, and democracy underpins all three. We find that FDI inflows reduce the probability of privatization reversals, labour strikes increase that of internal liberalization reversals, and OECD growth increase that of external liberalization reversals. We replicate previous studies and find that the macroeconomic effects of reform (when measured objectively) tend to be larger and more precisely estimated.
Subjects: 
reform : liberalization
privatization
political economy
transition
JEL: 
E23
D72
H26
O17
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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