Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/32630
Authors: 
Freytag, Andreas
Meierrieks, Daniel
Münch, Angela
Schneider, Friedrich G.
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
Jena economic research papers 2010,030
Abstract: 
We jointly analyze the genesis of terrorism and civil war, providing a simple conceptual framework to explain why violent opposition groups choose distinct forms of violence (i.e., terrorism and open rebellion). We argue that the distinct modes of violent opposition are chosen by violent opposition groups in response to the strengths and weaknesses of the system they challenge. An empirical test of this hypothesis for 103 countries for the period of 1992 to 2004 indeed shows that the socio-economic strength and stability of a system is positively related to the likelihood of terrorism but negatively to incidences of more violent forms of violent opposition. We also show that poor conflict management (as a system weakness) positively impacts the likelihood incidences of more violent modes of violent opposition more likely. Furthermore, we find that system size is positively associated with all analyzed modes of violent opposition.
Subjects: 
terrorism
civil conflict
system strength
JEL: 
O1
I3
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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