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dc.contributor.authorAjilore, Olugbengaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Johnen_US
dc.description.abstractWe present evidence that more ethnically fragmented communities spend, all else equal, more on police services than less fragmented communities. We introduce a model of spending on police services which we use to interpret the data. In this model, we assume that the decision to commit a crime is a rational consideration of the costs and benefits and that spending on police services reduces the attractiveness of committing a crime. We also assume that being a victim of crime affects a loss in utility. However this victimization cost, if victim and perpetrator are a different ethnicity, is greater than or equal to that if the perpetrator is the same ethnicity. A consequence of the model is that a higher level of spending on police services is associated with more ethnically fragmented communities only when agents suffer this differential cost of victimization. These results contribute to our understanding of the stylized fact that spending on police services is increasing at a time in which crime rates are falling. Further, our results provide empirical support for the contention that people have a larger cost of victimization when the perpetrator is a different ethnicity.en_US
dc.publisher|aDep. of Economics, Rutgers, the State Univ. of New Jersey |cNew Brunswick, NJen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries|aWorking papers // Department of Economics, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey |x2007,08en_US
dc.subject.keywordEthnic Fragmentationen_US
dc.subject.keywordSocial Identityen_US
dc.subject.keywordPublic Goodsen_US
dc.subject.stwEthnische Gruppeen_US
dc.subject.stwSoziale Beziehungenen_US
dc.subject.stwStädtische Bevölkerungsstrukturen_US
dc.subject.stwKommunale Ausgabenen_US
dc.subject.stwÖffentliches Guten_US
dc.titleEthnic fragmentation and police spending: social identity and a public gooden_US
dc.type|aWorking Paperen_US

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