Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/265869
Authors: 
Specht, Lena Susanne
Year of Publication: 
2022
Series/Report no.: 
UCD Centre for Economic Research Working Paper Series No. WP22/11
Publisher: 
University College Dublin, UCD School of Economics, Dublin
Abstract: 
The conventional immigration and trade literature regards immigrants as mediators for informal barriers such as institutional and cultural differences. However, this notion neglects network effects stemming from short visits. This paper investigates the ways in which international student migration relates to trade. Unlike other immigrants, international students make a special case because of their short stay and high education level. Leveraging panel data on 34 mostly OECD host countries and 172 origin countries between 2000 and 2018, I employ a gravity-type trade model to examine this relationship. I find that overall immigration contributes to trade and international students particularly increase their host countries' exports to their origin country. Further results suggest that the student effect varies by country and product. While their ability to foster the most information-intensive trades is limited relative to the average immigrant, international students have an advantage in promoting trust between institutionally distant countries.
Subjects: 
International trade
International students
Networks
Migration
Gravity model
JEL: 
F12
F14
F22
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.