[Journal:] Comparative Economic Research. Central and Eastern Europe [ISSN:] 2082-6737 [Volume:] 24 [Issue:] 2 [Publisher:] Łódź University Press [Place:] Łódź [Year:] 2021 [Pages:] 69-85
Łódź University Press, Łódź
The article aims to compare the taxation of the self-employed in Poland and other EU countries. We show that, for years, Poland has been at the forefront of EU countries with the highest self-employment rates. Our analysis indicates that many people in Poland chose the status of self-employed, guided by tax optimization. Due to large differences in the burden of income tax and social security contributions of people working full-time and choosing self-employment, there are strong incentives to move from employment to fictitious self-employment. Our study shows that this significantly affects the revenues of the state budget and social security fund in Poland.
self-employment taxes labor market public finances