This paper investigates the sources of total factor productivity growth in the German manufacturing sector, 1981-1998. Decomposition formulae for aggregate productivity growth are used to identify the effects of structural change and entry-exit on aggregate productivity growth. Documented is a substantial rise of productivity growth after the German reunification. The bulk of this rise can be attributed to structural change and entry-exit. Two methodological refinements are implemented, the first is the application of a robust stochastic nonparametric approach to frontier function analysis and the second is the calculation of bootstrap confidence intervals for the components of the productivity decompositions.