Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: 
Year of Publication: 
[Journal:] Internet Policy Review [ISSN:] 2197-6775 [Volume:] 10 [Issue:] 4 [Publisher:] Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society [Place:] Berlin [Year:] 2021 [Pages:] 1-29
Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, Berlin
This paper introduces a socio-technical typology of bias in data-driven machine learning and artificial intelligence systems. The typology is linked to the conceptualisations of legal anti-discrimination regulations, so that the concept of structural inequality-and, therefore, of undesirable bias-is defined accordingly. By analysing the controversial Austrian "AMS algorithm" as a case study as well as examples in the contexts of face detection, risk assessment and health care management, this paper defines the following three types of bias: firstly, purely technical bias as a systematic deviation of the datafied version of a phenomenon from reality; secondly, socio-technical bias as a systematic deviation due to structural inequalities, which must be strictly distinguished from, thirdly, societal bias, which depicts-correctly-the structural inequalities that prevail in society. This paper argues that a clear distinction must be made between different concepts of bias in such systems in order to analytically assess these systems and, subsequently, inform political action.
Artificial intelligence
Machine learning
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
cc-by Logo
Document Type: 

Files in This Item:
371.97 kB

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.