Columbia University, Earth Institute, Center for Sustainable Development (CSD), New York, NY
The Information and Communications Technology (ICT) seem to diffuse in almost all the sectors. ICT has transformed the way the healthcare data is managed. The widespread usage of electronic devices like computers, tablets, mobile phones along with the availability of high speed internet have made possible the transition from paper based patient records to electronic records. Electronic Health Records (EHRs) are real time digital version of patient records. An Electronic Health Record (EHR) is a comprehensive report of an individual's overall health. Electronic Health Records (EHRs) help track patient's clinical progress, facilitate improved health care decisions and provide evidence based care. This is a concept paper based on secondary data from various national and international journals, government documents, government and private websites. This paper presents a review of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) and its use in India. The document gives details of initiatives taken by the government of India in relation to EHRs. Further, the paper discusses the potential benefits of Electronic Health Records (EHRs). International lessons from other countries like China, Bangladesh and Malaysia are also discussed. A brief account of Electronic Medical Record Adoption Model (EMRAM) and private initiatives is also given. Challenges in the way of adoption of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) in India are discussed in detail. Further, this paper presents an outline of roadmap for adoption of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) in India.
Electronic Health Records EHR Information and Communications Technology ICT India