Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/249589
Year of Publication: 
2022
Series/Report no.: 
GLO Discussion Paper No. 1047
Publisher: 
Global Labor Organization (GLO), Essen
Abstract: 
In this study, we find that the negative effect of unexploded ordnance (UXO) on the geographical density of foreign direct investment and large firms is a new channel through which the war legacy impedes local development in Vietnam. A 1% increase in the proportion of UXO-contaminated area leads to a 0.78% relative decrease in the density of FDI firms within districts. Point estimates for the elasticity of the density of joint-venture FDI firms and state-owned enterprise (SOEs) due to UXO are smaller, equal to -0.56 and -0.54. Consequently, a 1% increase in the proportion of UXO-contaminated areas leads to a 0.46% relative decrease in the intensity of nighttime light.
Subjects: 
War
FDI, unexploded ordnance
local development
Vietnam
JEL: 
R12
O12
O15
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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