Bitte verwenden Sie diesen Link, um diese Publikation zu zitieren, oder auf sie als Internetquelle zu verweisen: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/248368
Autor:innen: 
Lo Bue, Maria C.
Tu Thi Ngoc Le
Santos Silva, Manuel
Sen, Kunal
Datum: 
2021
Schriftenreihe/Nr.: 
WIDER Working Paper No. 2021/154
Verlag: 
The United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER), Helsinki
Zusammenfassung: 
This paper investigates gender inequality in vulnerable employment: forms of employment typically featuring high precariousness, inadequate earnings, and lack of decent working conditions. Using a large collection of harmonized household surveys from developing countries, we measure long-term trends, describe geographical patterns, and estimate correlates of gender inequalities in vulnerable employment. Conditional on individual and household characteristics, women are 7 percentage points more likely to be in vulnerable employment than men. The experiences of marriage and parenthood are important drivers of this gender gap. Across countries, the gender gap is smaller in richer countries, with lower fertility rates, and more genderegalitarian laws, particularly those laws regulating marriage, parenthood, access to assets, and access to entrepreneurship. Since the 1990s, rising levels of female education and rapidly falling fertility have pulled women away from vulnerable employment at a faster rate than men. However, that process is largely exhausted, with current levels of the gender gap in vulnerable employment being almost entirely unexplained by standard labour supply factors.
Schlagwörter: 
vulnerable employment
gender gap
developing countries
International Income Distribution Database
JEL: 
J16
J21
O57
Persistent Identifier der Erstveröffentlichung: 
ISBN: 
978-92-9267-094-8
Dokumentart: 
Working Paper

Datei(en):
Datei
Größe
643.19 kB





Publikationen in EconStor sind urheberrechtlich geschützt.