Lending and borrowing interest rates are often slow to adjust to changing capital market conditions. This paper argues that national differences of the pass-through speed in the EU can be regarded as a retail-oriented indicator of financial integration. Based on an ECB database the speed of interest rate adjustments for different markets and countries is measured - showing a considerable fragmentation of markets. Simulations show how much consumers in some countries could gain from a convergence of adjustment speed on the fastest levels.
interest rate pass-through financial market integration EU