Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/242830
Authors: 
Ordemann, Jessica
Pfeiffer, Friedhelm
Year of Publication: 
2021
Series/Report no.: 
ZEW Discussion Papers No. 21-066
Publisher: 
ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung, Mannheim
Abstract: 
This paper studies the evolution of three higher education wage differentials from 1996 to 2019 in Germany, a period when significant changes in the educational composition of the workforce took place. Based on regression analysis and samples of male and female workers from the Socio-Economic Panel Study, the study finds that while all three educational wage differentials increased, workers graduating from universities experienced an inverted u-shape pattern, reaching a plateau between 2011 and 2015. We argue that the decline which began after 2015, and which is detectable as well in the occupational prestige scores, may have resulted from a relative educational upskilling of the workforce as well as changes in the subject-choice composition of graduates. We also document differences between East and West Germany that appear to level off over time. The paper concludes with open questions related to these findings and potential future developments.
Subjects: 
Educational Wage Differentials
Gender Gaps
Higher Education Expansion
Occupational Prestige
Participation
JEL: 
J31
J16
I23
J62
E24
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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